Setting your sights on Switzerland for your next business venture is exciting. Known for its robust economy, favorable business environment, and high quality of life, Switzerland is a prime location for entrepreneurs. However, before you proceed, it's crucial to understand the visa and permit regulations. 


This guide provides detailed insights into the residency requirements for new Swiss business owners. Read on to understand who needs which permit, the eligibility criteria and explore other visa types available to the newly minted business owner.

Who needs a residency permit to start a business in Switzerland?

There is a need for clarity on whether or not one needs a residency visa/permit to establish operations in Switzerland. Generally, a residency permit is typically neccesary for registering your Swiss entity. Citizenship and residency status are The main distinguishing factors on who needs a permit. Here is a quick overview:

Swiss residents and citizens

If you are a Swiss Citizen or currently hold a Swiss B, C, or L residency permit, you can register and run a business in the country.

EU/EFTA Nationals

Citizens of EU/EFTA countries can also establish a business if they have a valid B or C residency permit. If they do not already hold either, they must establish residency by applying for a B permit through their relevant canton.

Non-EU/EFTA Nationals

Entrepreneurs from outside the EU/EFTA must have a C settlement permit or be the spouse of a Swiss citizen or C permit holder to be able to establish a business in Switzerland. In many cases, you will need a permit that explicitly allows self-employment. Alternatively, an entrepreneur ready for a payout tax expenditure of CHF 150,000 can also open a firm.

Residency permit requirements according to business entity 

In Switzerland, the residency requirements also vary when registering different business entities. Here is a detailed breakdown for each major type:

Sole Proprietorship (Einzelfirma)

To register a sole proprietorship, the owner must be a Swiss resident.

General Partnership (Kollektivgesellschaft)

To register a general partnership, at least one of the partners must be a Swiss resident.

Limited Partnership (Kommanditgesellschaft)

To register a limited partnership, at least one of the general partners must be a Swiss resident.

Limited Liability Company (Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung, GmbH)

To register a GmbH, at least one managing director must be a Swiss resident.

Public Limited Company (Aktiengesellschaft, AG)

To register an AG, at least one board of directors member must be a Swiss resident with sole signatory rights or two members with joint signatory rights.

Branch Office (Zweigniederlassung)

To register a branch office, the branch must have at least one person in Switzerland authorized to represent the company.

Representative Office

To register a representative office, the organization must have a Swiss representative.

Types of Swiss Residence Permits

Switzerland offers entrepreneurs several types of residence permits, each tailored to different durations and circumstances. Here is what you need to know about each type and how to see if you are eligible:

L Permit (Short-term)

The L Permit is typically granted for up to one year and can be extended for an additional year under certain conditions. It is suitable for short-term projects or business activities.

B Permit (Temporary)

The B Permit is issued for one year and can be renewed annually. It is ideal for entrepreneurs who plan to stay in Switzerland longer but do not yet qualify for permanent residency.

C Permit (Permanent)

After ten years of continuous residence (or five years for citizens of certain countries), entrepreneurs may qualify for the C Permit, which grants permanent residency.


In addition to the aforementioned residency permits, Switzerland also has special visas tailored to those who want to establish significant ventures there.

Investor Visas

The Investor Visa offers a viable residency pathway for those planning to make substantial capital investments in Swiss businesses. The criteria for these visas typically include minimum investment thresholds, which are often substantial sums that demonstrate a significant commitment to the Swiss economy. Job creation targets may also be applicable, ensuring that the investment contributes positively to local employment.

Startup Visas

Non-EU/EFTA nationals launching innovative ventures can apply for the Swiss Permit for Start-up Founders. This visa is designed to facilitate residency for entrepreneurs driving new and innovative business ideas. Eligibility requirements for the startup visas include passing business viability assessments, which demonstrate the potential of your venture to succeed and grow in the Swiss market. You may also have to meet specific investment thresholds and prove viability.

How do I choose which residency permit to apply for?

Now that you understand the residency visas a new business owner can apply for, the next step is choosing the best one for you. The most important factor to consider is the type of business you have. Is it a startup or a traditional business model? Does it qualify as a large or moderate amount of capital invested into the Swiss economy? The answers to such questions will help you narrow down the permit you are eligible for.


Not sure where you stand on Swiss residency permits? At Sigtax, we specialize in helping entrepreneurs establish their operations in Switzerland, offering expert guidance to navigate the complexities of Swiss residency and business regulations. Contact us now to ensure your business venture in the heart of Europe starts on the right foot. Our services also extend beyond registration to include administration managementtax planning and more.

Get started

Residency is a typical requirement for new business owners; however, the specific conditions and procedures can vary depending on your nationality and the business structure you choose. 


Transitioning into the Swiss economy requires careful planning and precise execution. Whether you’re looking to benefit from short-term residence permits, secure an investor visa, or leverage the startup visa for innovative ventures, understanding the specific requirements is key to a smooth and successful transition. Contact Sigtax for professional help reviewing your visa options as provided by this guide.


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