The taxes in Switzerland can be divided into three major categories: federal taxes, cantonal taxes and municipal taxes. In order to avoid overlapping taxation, Switzerland has concluded double taxation agreements with most industrialized countries, to protect foreign investors from double taxation.
The Swiss tax system is characterized by various levels of direct taxation: direct federal tax, cantonal taxes and municipal taxes. The tax legislation in the individual Swiss cantons is often very different from one canton to another.
The cantonal laws and tax rates in Switzerland may vary considerably from one canton to another, which is why it’s important to carefully consider where you establish a company in Switzerland.
Double taxation refers to the fact that two countries collect simultaneously taxes on the same company. This situation often arises when companies have subsidiaries or branches in various countries.
All countries in the EU and Switzerland, are part of the VAT legislation requirements. And many other countries around the world have similar VAT systems. According to Swiss legislation, foreign companies need to be registered for VAT, but some companies can be part of an exception in case of services that they provide.
Recently, Switzerland adopted a new DLT Regulations which sets the country as a leader in FinTech, Blockchain, DLT Technologies and other related programs. The new regulations will enter into force starting from this year.
Recently Russian Federation and the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg have signed protocol regarding the amendments in the double taxation rules. This Protocol was negotiated following a request from the Russian Federation due to a change in its conventional policy regarding withholding taxes on dividends and interest.
In March 2020, Vladimir Putin, the president of the Russian Federation, addressed the nation to announce the main measures being taken to tackle coronavirus. As part of that, Vladimir Putin instructed the government to quickly initiate negotiations with foreign jurisdictions to amend Russia’s current DTTs to set the minimum withholding tax rate on dividends and interest paid from Russia at 15%.
The calculation of the tax rates in Switzerland is based on the net income of the taxpayer. Like in most other European countries, there are several tax deductions that can be made when a tax declaration is filed in Switzerland. These will reduce the taxable income and consequently the value of tax that needs to be paid diminishes significantly.
The Swiss government has gone the extra mile in leveraging low corporate tax rates as a competitive advantage. In Switzerland, corporate tax rates vary depending on the canton where you are operating your business.